There are two major types of retinopathy: non proliferative and proliferative. These are balloon outpouchings of small blood vessels in the retina that appear as tiny red dots at the back of the eye; they sometimes break, causing bleeding in the retina and cloudy vision. High blood pressure damages the blood vessel walls, causing them to thicken and narrow. Treatments can repair existing damage. Food and Drug Administration FDA for treating DBE. In some people, retinopathy progresses after several years to a more serious form called proliferative retinopathy. A surgical procedure called a vitrectomy can be used to remove the blood that has leaked into this part of the eye. Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy occurs when widespread impairment of retinal nutrition results from capillary leakage and closure. favour poultry, fish, and lean red meats. After the scar tissue shrinks, it can distort the retina or pull it out-of-place, a condition called retinal detachment. Pressure builds up in the eye, a particularly severe condition that causes damage to the optic nerve. It is also important to note that pregnancy and high blood pressure may aggravate diabetic retinopathy. In an attempt to supply blood to the area where the original vessels closed, the retina responds by growing new blood vessels.
Available.nti-VEGF drugs include Avastin bevacizumab, Lucentis ranibizumab, and Eylea aflibercept. http://advisingeyesurgeon.beatthetrain.org/2016/12/05/getting-advice-on-swift-products-in-eye-surgery/Corticosteroid use in the eye increases the risk of cataract and glaucoma. The laser treatment seals leaking blood vessels and can be used to reduce growth of new fragile vessels, helping prevent vision loss. Vitreous haemorrhage alone does not cause permanent vision loss. The bleeding can cause scarring of the eye and damage vision. Radiation retinopathy due to exposure to ionizing radiation. At some point, additional treatment may be recommended. http://dclakers.com/advisingeyesurgeon/2016/12/05/a-closer-look-at-strategies-of-cataracts/In later stages of retinopathy, serious complications can result, including retinal detachment and blindness .